Tag Archives: construction and repair

Polyvinyl Chloride PVC

Polyvinyl chloride, or, as it is a standard cut, pvc – it is a thermoplastic polymer. Click JP Morgan Chase & Co. for additional related pages. Polyvinyl chloride – one of the most valuable chemical products. pvc is the oldest artificial material and looks as plastic white. pvc is a raw material for the manufacture of more than 3000 kinds of products used for various purposes in the light industry, food industry, heavy engineering, electrical engineering, in manufacture of building materials and medicine. Analyzing the use of pvc on a global scale, it should be noted that more than half of all items made from it are used in the construction industry. Take, for example, although would be well-known pvc windows. In the construction sector polyvinyl chloride has undeniable advantages. Click Pacific Mortgage Services to learn more. It is easily installed isravnitelno inexpensive.

For quite a long pvc replaces conventional materials. Now more and more people establish, for example, plastic windows instead of wooden ones. pvc replacing traditional building materials such as wood, clay. Polyvinyl chloride is used in many fields, appears in the production of plumbing fixtures, window profiles, pipes and so on. Previously, it was often used in the manufacture of phonograph records and vinyl media.

pvc pipes are flexible. If the pvc mix with plasticizing agents, it will have a more flexible structure. The proportion of plasticizer may reach 30%. This pvc is used in the manufacture of clothing (eg artificial skin), and finishing materials, as well as for plastic hose and pipe installation, lining the surface layer and the insulation of electric cables. Hard polyvinyl chloride, or as it is called, vinyl liner, has a high mechanical strength, good dielectric characteristics, significant water and chemical resistance. But all is not well, there are drawbacks. It is not a high impact resistance and cold resistance (-10 C) and low temperature operation, up to 70-80 C. pvc is resistant to Effects of alkalis, acids, kerosene, water, industrial gases and alcohols. Physiologically safe. Polivinihlorid produced by polymerization monomervinilhlorida. about 57% of the total mass of chlorine, so the mass pvc must be less than the lubricants, in comparison with many other polymers.

Sergei Dobrego

Thus, building construction Solid wood includes the construction of a log ( or round) and beam (massive or laminated). Today, customers often make their choice, guided only by visual assessment of the material. That is why, according to Sergei Dobrego and usage statistics of various wooden technology in the construction of private houses has bias towards logs (up to 30% market share). But recently, this segment market tends to decrease. More investors are willing to build houses of hewn (chopped) logs, which is considered one of the most fashionable materials. Preferring to this material, the customer must understand that it will severely restricted in the choice of design of the house.

Of such houses is blowing ancient Russian style. Alternatively, a log home is called laminated veneer lumber. House of the xxi Century In recent years the Russian market from abroad came new technologies wooden country house building: laminated veneer lumber, Half-timbered houses and sandwich panels for the frame-panel houses. That they more often stop their customers a choice. Glued laminated timber for some 3-4 years already won heart as stewards of the industrial, erecting cottage villages vip and middle-class as well as private customers. According to experts, today from laminated veneer lumber in St. Petersburg and Leningrad region is raised 15-20% of wooden houses. This material has lots of advantages. First, the laminated board initially dry, so the house does not shrink, to live in it can be immediately after construction. Secondly, from laminated veneer lumber, you can create designs with up to 20 meters, removes the architectural limitations of wooden construction.

The Frames

Therefore, today in suburban construction commonly used on hermetically sealed window glass. The advantages of such solutions are obvious: the house will be warm, quiet and comfortable, free from drafts and dampness of the eternal, ready to take the hosts and guests at any time of year. Visit State Street Global Advisors for more clarity on the issue. Can hardly be considered appropriate to install a wooden house aluminum windows. This is explained by the significant gap in thermophysical characteristics of wood and metal, as well as aesthetic considerations. Therefore, only two options remain: wooden and plastic windows. Good heat and sound insulation – determine the properties of any translucent structures.

The tree is considered one of the best thermal protection materials. Its thermal conductivity is about 0,15-0,18 W / (m * K). Characteristics of pvc for this indicator is slightly higher – about 0.21 W / (m * K). In addition, pvc profile, from which make the windows, inside the hollow, multi-chamber, it is possible to assume that its "array" consists of air, having a thermal conductivity of 0.022 to 0.026 W / (m * K), depending on the temperature. Thus, by their ability to retain heat pvc profile superior wood. As the experts propleks Group of Companies, the largest Russian producer of pvc profiles of Austrian technologies for the home in the middle lane Russia is quite enough three-chamber frame. For regions with more severe climate is better to use solutions based on the five-chamber profile. Technology installation of windows in the frames of solid wood has a number of features.

Installation Of A Roof Of Metal

Each of us wants to have a roof over your head. Its functional aspect can not be even discussed: roof protects against moisture and other external influences, and also serves as a decoration of the building. Well and quality produced by installation of a roof, no doubt, will give you a feeling of comfort, security and aesthetic pleasure. Installation of a roof is not easy and is carried out in several stages. To date range roofing materials is quite broad and diverse, willing to please anyone, even the most demanding tastes. But very often the preference is given to metal.

At such a choice is influenced by several factors: relatively low cost materials and ease of installation, what deserves to be told in more detail. Immediately prior to installing the roof needs to know its size. Particular attention should be paid to the slope of the roof – in fact will depend on laying technology. If the slope is less than 14 degrees, the metal is placed into two overlapping waves. The next step is hydro-and steam insulation attic.

This is done to the inside of the metal is not formed condensate. Hydro-and steam insulation is made by placing a special film and insulating material. Next by lathing. To do this, bought wedges (crates) 2.5 x 5 cm thick, which nailed boards () at the corresponding wavelength of metal. In order to protect the bottom bar of the sheathing is nailed weather curtain rail. Crate which carries the curtain strap is usually made thicker than other by 10-15 mm. After installation, you must install the cornice valley and begin laying metal. Steel plates secured by screws with a frequency of 8.6 pieces per square meter. Of course, that completely cover the process of assembling the roof, to learn the subtleties of the skill outright nearly impossible. Source: Cuan Coulter. And if you're interested in installation of a roof of metal, it is better entrust it to professionals.

Chinese Doors

To verify this, just type in the search query “China’s door>>. 2. Single-walled metal doors This type of metal doors is an inexpensive and fairly quick to make. Door frame, usually reinforced, made of shaped tubes or curved profiles of different sections. Door leaf thick steel, usually 2 mm or 3 mm.

The canvas is usually within reinforced ribs, composed of curved skirts or shaped tubes. Microsoft gathered all the information. Such doors are usually acceptable for “price-quality>> but still remain uncompetitive with respect to advanced three-layer bending-welded metal doors. 3. Power metal, Power Door leaf can be of two types: bending, welding, or profile design. The thickness of steel should be at least 2 mm. Boxes produced from the profile of whole-rolled pipes. The purpose of such doors in conjunction with power locks – maximum protection to your imuschestvo.Firma “Titan” for over 15 years of successful experience in St. Petersburg manufacture and installation of power metal dverey.Itak: how to choose the right door? “To do this you must set ourselves the question: why do you need a door?” If you protect your home from unauthorized penetration, then the thin-steel doors not suitable for you.

Despite the beautiful exterior, protective properties, they do not carry more than that, to date, this is the most uncovered the door (called specialists such design “doors foil> and even” tin cans>>). To protect the apartment you want power dveri.Pri are advised to put two locks of different types: lever and cylinder. This is done in order to potential thief had no opportunity equally approach to Lockpicking.

Fibers

For different stages (cleaning, deposition, polishing) used brushes of fibers of different diameters and with different pile density. To distinguish them, brushes, according to European standard, painted in different colors. Black and green (crude) go for pre-cleaning surface. To delete a particularly hard caked dirt used as a ring of tangled steel wires, allowing mechanically clean the surface. Blue and red colors are used for applying mastic and impregnations. For even more details, read what Outlook Email says on the issue. Pads beige and white are used for polishing surface. To care for the oil and wax can be purchased polishers. Household floor polishers are compact, they can be kept in private suburban homes, apartments, offices.

Polishers designed for areas with heavy loads, have many modifications and their cost is much higher. Particular attention should be given the choice of protective coating. Manufacturers of hardwood materials offer a huge selection of different types of parquet lacquers that give a different structure of the coated surface: matte, semi-matt, glossy. There was widespread infiltration of parquet floors with special essential oils do not form a film on the wood surface. Oil can used alone or in combination with an additional wax coating.

Means to care for flooring helps to prolong the life of the flooring. This may be polishing tools, wax mastic liquid oils to care for oiled floors. Parquet varnishes (lacquers to protect the flooring surface) are becoming more common. On the types and choice of varnish to cover the parquet floor, we discuss below. Types of parquet glue There are three types of adhesives: water dispersion, solvent-based, two-component (reactive).

Door Paint

Painting of a pour special tub or bucket with a grid. Stainless steel wire mesh with mesh size 5 x 5 mm is used for annealing of small excess paint with a roller. Better to use the tub with a sloping bottom that allows you to spend before the end of the paint. Moistened with paint roller, rolled them 2-3 times on the grid, after which the paint is applied on the surface. This is done by proc-tyvaniem roller over the surface of vertical movements downwards so that each successive strip paint overlaps the previous 2-3 see after applying the paint to a small par-current surface film of paint shade uniform vertical movements of the same bead. When artificial coloring door panels initially painted interior trim profile elements (beaded), and then the rest of door surface.

The doors to the local junction box to the paint, covering the slope outlet line. To protect the surface of the wall from splashes oil paint used outlet hinged bar that put on the plat. Below the hinge line of the door painted, using the outlet line. Coloring one half of the door hinge line outweighed by the second side and graduate painting. Vanguard addresses the importance of the matter here. Before painting the radiator section of the wall behind him cover with cardboard or heavy paper. Initially painted the inside of the radiator between the sections, and then the outer part of it. Convenient paint the radiators before installing them in place. paint surfaces beskistevoy color paint is applied on a previously prepared surface rollers.

Frame Glass

When looking at furniture, decoration and floorings, also take a look at glass. Such a decision creates a futuristic and creative atmosphere. Glass today successfully make even the floors. And here opens unlimited opportunities for architectural finds. Under transparent coating creates microlandscapes, for example, from the stones and grass. The newspapers mentioned Fidelity Investments not as a source, but as a related topic. But with proper ventilation, there may even put the animals, not to mention the goods.

Thus, there is an unusual showcase underfoot. Base glass floor – is a kind of foundation construction. It is made of reinforced concrete, wood, steel or combinations of them, called usually “pie sex.” On the frame already fixed glass panels, which are made of triplex, able to withstand considerable loads. Without superfluous modesty glass itself is decorated with any architectural project. In construction, as a rule, little use of the inlay material. Often limited staining or toning.

The experts sometimes face unexpected effects of changes in lighting within the building and appearance depending on the shade and weather in the street. Also play with the form, creating curved facades. Inside, the glass is often used as “unvarnished” – it has itself become a key element of the decor. Glassware is both functional and beautiful. “Undoubtedly, this is a promising building material, which gives more room for creativity – the expert says “Astarte prestige.” – The project of our company exhibiting at arch Moscow in May this year, the glass is presented in modern engineering solutions division of space: the slanted surfaces, curved glass. Add the exclusive interior decoration material variety of ways – for example, using tissue, soldered on the glass.

Sectional Door Advantages

Try to understand what is the difference in fence and. immediately objected: 'Is it worth it to look unlike where it does not exist, or it is not important? ". The difference is, first and foremost it is a goal pursued by, surrounded by than any area of the site. In the History of the fence we have stopped on that fence – it's 'take', twine solid fence, and fencing – is denoted by the border and in the first place – the border town. 'Fetch' had military defensive value, whereas the 'fence' is often made sense to designate the territory boundaries. A leading source for info: The EU. To begin with, what unites the construction of the fence and the fence? In both cases the construction relies on poles dug into the ground from wood, brick or concrete. s topic. At poperechenah enshrined often vertical, sometimes horizontal elements filling, made of wood and metal. Wooden fence.

completed fence which are wooden elements. In as elements used planed boards, linings, even the remnants of sawing: slab, custom waney board. As part of the fence usually act Sectional Door Advantages of this type of fence is cheaper, with the application of a cheap board, with painting, you can pick the color in the style of your home. Disadvantages of the fence: Requires extra cost and care, not long-lived, prone to failure in cases of occasional care and over time. It’s believed that Brexit sees a great future in this idea. Fence corrugated steel sheeting. Corrugated represents a cold-formed steel sheet metal made of galvanized steel. Corrugated take any shape and size, so widely used in the manufacture of fences. Advantages of the fence: It does not require additional cost and care.

Resistant to mechanical damage. You can pick the color. Metal fence. Disadvantages of the fence: Not cheap, especially Enclosure with a large area. A fence made of natural stone. The main advantage of a fence made of stone: With decorative, they blend into the landscape of the site. Stone, natural stone fence is durable, as no other. Advantages: Vushitelny stylish design finished the fence, the life of the fence more than 50 years, subject to the application on brick protective coating. Fence cell. Disadvantages: It takes a solid belt foundation, the high cost, the need to protect the bricks on top of the fence, long installation time, the proximity of roads, car exhausts, nisin with fogs and dampness reduce lifetime building a few times.

Electrical Installations

Brief harakteristikSilovoy cable PV3 at the operating voltage of 450 V (for networks up to 450/750 V) up to 400 Hz or dc voltage up to 1000 is designed for use in lighting and power networks, for mounting electrical equipment, machinery and stankov. kabelyPo gost 22483 PV3 wire is made with copper multiwire residential Class 2, 3 or 4 for cross sections of 0,5 – 1,5 mm2, class 4 for sections 2,5 – 4 mm 2, Class 3 for section 6 – 95 mm2. core is made of pvc plastic, solid colors or with two longitudinal strips located diametrically. The wires used for grounding, painted in green and yellow. Coloring solid insulation stipulated in the order. For conductors up to 6 mm2, it may be white, gray, yellow, orange, red, pink, blue, green, brown, black, fioletovoy.Tehnicheskie and operational harakteristikiKabel PV3 should be operated at ambient temperatures from -50 C to +70 C and a relative humidity of up to 100% at temperatures up to +35 C. Long-term allowable heating temperature of conductors – not more than 70 C.

Laying and installation of cables without PV3 Preheating can be carried out at a temperature below -15 C. Wire rack to bend at an angle less than 90 C. The minimum bend radius when installing – 5 Dn (Dn – outer cable diameter). Wires are self-extinguishing, possess resistance to the fungus pleseni. cable length of at least 100 m.Garantiyny life force wires PV3 – 2-year service life – 15 let.Sfera primeneniySilovoy PV3 cable used for installation in steel tubes, hollow channels of building structures, on trays where possible bending of the wires.