Only in 1949 on the initiative of the Italian Antonio Brivio Sforza FIA decided to hold a world championship racing in the class "Formula 1". The idea was to bring the results of individual races in the general protocol of the world championship. The first Grand Prix was held in English Silverstone. Total credit in the first championship consists of seven stages – six European and 500-mile race in Indianapolis. Connect with other leaders such as Markets Economy here. In 1950, May and June in the championship was attended by 80 riders.
The best were the Italians. The first three places were taken by riders ruled the fireball Alfa-Romeo 158." In a dozen of the best athletes were also speaking at the cars Maserati and Ferrari. Anglo-Saxon 1960 Up to 1958 tracks on the Formula reigns reigns Italian cars, but once giving way to "Mercedes", driven by Argentinean Fangio. Then came the era of English-speaking drivers and vehicles developed by engineers with Anglo-Saxon origin: Lotus, Matra, Brabham, BRM, Cooper. By the way it is after victories Cooper world began to gain the famous Mini, which received its sports console. Hear other arguments on the topic with BlackRock California Municipal Income Trust.
Anglosaksonov success to a large extent was the change in technical regulations Formula. Since 1954, engine capacity limited to 2500-E cc, and compressor – 750 th cube. see 1958 in addition to the distribution of forces on the race Olympus introduced a new kind of competition – a team for the victory and that is still awarded to Constructors Championship. Prior to 1958, for the championship title fight just racers and some of them even in high season, passed from one team to another, keeping the score.
For the glass of car windows various types of safety glass are used. Probably the most used is a variant of the ESG (toughened safety glass) is: toughened safety glass (ESG) is thermally toughened glass: the production is a float glass cut to the desired level, provided with additional holes etc and ground at the edges. Then the glass is heated to about 600 degrees and then quickly cooled to room temperature. The rapid cooling causes solidify the outer zones of the discs faster. The cooling at the same time leads to the fact that the inside of the glass contracts, which is hindered by the already solid outside. This creates a desired stress distribution in the glass: the outer surface of the disc is under pressure voltage – the core of the disc under tension.
The tensions are in the intact disc to each other in balance. This has the ESG a high resistance to mechanical and thermal loads. In an accident demonstrates the advantage of the glass because when broken the glass, however, the tension dissolves and the glass shatters instantly into a multitude of small, dull crumb – which means a significantly lower risk of injury than accidents with normal glass. To the side is used almost exclusively single-pane safety glass. The only exceptions are some special vehicles, such as in security or personal protection, there are also special plastic or glass combinations used. The reason for this is a disadvantage of ESG – the glass offers less protection against intrusion, since it can easily be destroyed with a hard object. a toughened glass a little more damage, has not led to the split Hat, for example stone, should rapidly an auto glass replacement carried out, since otherwise there is a risk that the stress distribution is so disturbed that the glass at low levels of mechanical stress cracks.
Novelty Auto Show in Detroit in 2001 was "charged" or SUV X5 4.6is X5 HP, which has latest 4.6-liter V8, whose power is 347 horsepower, and torque is 354 Nm. Externally, the new X5 series differed from a more aggressive look. The basic version of this model is equipped with 20-inch 5-spoke wheel and tires: 275/40 front and 315/35 rear and a 5-band automatic transmission Steptronic. Launch of the new X5 HP began in the autumn of 2001. And he began to be presented as the world's fastest serial coupe. The transition in 2006 new body E70 once again led to a renewal model motor series.
Engines are already familiar usually added "muscle". Steve Mnuchin: the source for more info. Modern gamma gamma emitter engines – two turbo 231 hp and 286 hp, three-liter ordinary six with 272 horses horse , and 4.8 liter eight output 355 horsepower. This tiny "nuclear reactor" not so little can X5 jump with a traffic light to the first hundred in 6.5 seconds! New, radically altered, the model BMW X5 was released in 2007. At the request of American drivers, places in the car was seven. Despite this, the length of the machine has not risen too much .. The engine, as before, one of the three to choose from – a 3.0 petrol or 4.8-liter or 3.0-liter diesel.
Model with a 4.8-liter engine in comes with a sports package that adds a great car with germination true sports car. In 2009, a fashionable BMW X5 xDrive (30d , 35d , 30 48 and ). These machines embody the features of the car of the XXI century centuries . In the summer there is another masterpiece of BMW – BMW X5 M. The machine is capable of accelerating to 100 km in just 4.7 seconds. Maximum speed – 250 km / year. X5 M is equipped with 8-ma-cylinder 6-series power transmission M, the system xDrive, Adaptive Drive system and Dynamic Performance Control. However, it does not say that the history of BMW x5 ends here. In 2010, expect the new model (BMW X5 Edition 10)! And who can say with certainty that it will be Last X5? ..
The most popular selling car in Europe is – Volkswagen Golf. Despite the fact that the total number of sales this year, compared with the past, declined to 23-24%, yet the car remains the leader in this field. Not less than 42-thousand y Volkswagen Golf cars were sold in the past month in Europe, which confirms the above said. Second place is deservedly awarded the Ford Fiesta. Number of cars sold this brand in the last month totaled 31,432 units.
Third place got Volkswagen Polo, sold in May, 30 477 models. The top ten also includes models: Renault Clio, Peugeot 207, Opel / Vauxhall Corsa and Vauxhall Astra, Ford Focus, Renault Megane and Fiat Panda. In 1983, America was presented Volkswagen GTI, which took a lot of 997 kg. In 2010, concern has released the sixth generation model called the Volkswagen GTI 2010, by making some changes. The new GTI has to weigh 547 pounds less, but the elegant appearance of this had no impact. Interior of the car has the highest quality materials. Sitting in the cabin got plaid upholstery. A distinctive feature of the new GTI is that under the hood of him as a 83-m, is a 4-cylinder powerplant, which distinguishes it from previous models.
Engine power is just 200 liters. with. but with the twisting the moment everything is in order. The speed of 100km / h in 6.8 auto dials with. With the new differential XDS, the new Volkswagen Golf bypasses its competitors, while having a high speed. Brake pedal and new items are distinguished by their perfection. The car has a 6-speed manual gearbox, which is not inferior in all wisdom dual transmissions direct connection, as well as switching speed, located on the handlebars, for ease management. Since the braking is smooth, the brake pedal does not cause a push on the gas pedal and press the nice and easy, as the press hard on it is not necessary. On the highway fuel consumption of new cars is 7.6 L/100 km, and in city mode 11.2 l/100 km.