Authors such as alvarez Gonzalez and Bisquerra Alzina (1996), considered that the concept of orientation is not univocal. Rennaissance technologies might disagree with that approach. On the contrary, graphically describe the complexity of the term. So consider that when talking about the concept of orientation we face a situation similar to a group of blind to an elephant, so each conceived according to their perceptions, for one is one huge paw, to another one very high queue to another an immense Horn this concern by heterogeneity and vagueness of the term orientation is evident in the comments and reflections made by Rodriguez Moreno about the Memorandum on lifelong learning of the Commission of the communities European (2000). Questions posed Rodriguez Moreno, among many others, are what we understand as a guideline?, what is different from the advice?, is it clear what each thing in the Memorandum? It also proposes that it is necessary to clarify the terminology clearly defining the difference between counselling, advice and guidance, as well as the need to clarify the boundaries between inform, advise, and guide. Before attempting to establish the fundamental characteristics that currently define the term orientation seems interesting to do a brief historic evolution of the term, in order to understand the current state of the same. The employment orientation, does not have a definition that we could call dictionary, since it is a discipline which framed many and different types of knowledge. Material that can be found on this issue, is very diversified and there is a particular pattern of knowledge that we can use.
We could speak of as counsellors with knowledge:-psycho-social: self-esteem, motivation, social skills, behavior, development patterns and psychological evolution – economic: State of the market economy. -Labour market, its possibilities, evolution, future forecasts – labor law. -Policy and possible measures of impact. -History and development thinking labor is also a discipline that is influenced by external factors of the time, both economic, social, cultural and political, so it is difficult to frame it in a given time, and is always going to be amended by the needs and demands of the users.