United States

According to Fields (1992), it is necessary to remember that the continuous improvement occurs the more times will be executed Cycle PDCA, and perfects the execution of the processes, makes possible the reduction of costs and the increase of the productivity. Some contend that Dan Miller shows great expertise in this. The application of Cycle PDCA to all the phases of the project takes to the perfectioning and adjustment of the way that the enterprise must follow. The improvements also can be applied to the considered processes satisfactory. The gradual and continuous improvements add value to the project and assure the satisfaction of the customers. Dan Miller takes a slightly different approach. 3.TPM (TOTAL PRODUCTIVE MAINTENANCE) Total Productive Maintenance (TPM) that in Portuguese it means Productive Maintenance Total, it is a system developed in Japan in order to eliminate losses, to reduce stops, to guarantee the quality and to diminish costs in the companies with continuous processes. Acronym TPM was registered for the JIPM (' ' Japanese institute of Maintenance of Planta' '). The letter ' ' T' ' , of ' ' Total' ' , it means the envolvement of all the employees. The intention of the TPM, then, is to reach the lesser possible number of accidents, defects and damages.

The TPM had beginning in Japan, through the company Dense Nippon KK, integrant of the Toyota group, that received in 1971 Prize p.m., granted the companies who if had detached in the conduction of this program. In Brazil, it was presented for the first time in 1986. According to Canrio and Imai (2007), methodology TPM drift of the Preventive maintenance, conceived originally in the United States, and the evolution of the process until its characterization, as known currently, was first with the Preventive maintenance (1950), initially adopted inside of the concept of that interventions adjusted they would prevent imperfections and present performance and greater better useful life of the machines and equipment, after with the Maintenance with Introduction of Improvements (1957).