Shaped Steel

Shaped steel steel forming the associated to the steel products which are obtained after the reduction of scrap metal or cast iron through a process of lamination, classified into two large groups that correspond to the hot rolled and cold rolled. Hot rolled are all those elements that are obtained through what is called continuous casting processes and that they basically consist of a device that distributes in different lines of manufacture cast steel, this lines has arrays with the shapes that you want to produce that they can be channels profiles L, t straps, I standardized profiles section, etc, a very important element of this type of manufacturing is the wire rods which is nothing more than a metal that he is obtained by a process of hot rolling through a train specially designed to this effect, known as rolling the wire rod mill has section circulates or product oval that varies between 5 and 30 mm in outer diameterwhich is usually wrapped in coils of hundreds of metres, it can be said that this product uses are varied, another important product is the shield or recorder which are lengths of 6 m in steel or other material metal plates his utility is very wide, they are usually manufactured in the final form from the steel mill as a product. Continuous casting molds are water cooled and allow the formation of long lengths of the elements set out above, the application of them is fundamentally structural since due to the manufacturing process are considered practically isotropic and isothermal, and with a configuration of the constant material throughout its structure, for this reason the design techniques can be applied if inconvenient (correction factors) to the structural design. In addition to the previously described forming is necessary to control the cooling conditions to make these elements ductile since rapid cooling may result in the uneven hardening which translates to fragility of the product. The composition of this product may vary depending on the application and the process used but is usually running to find it with contents of coal of about 0.8%, proportions of other elements such as phosphorus from the 0.48%, manganese of 0.30% among other laminates in cold are those elements that come out of the metal plate and that after a process of machining acquired its final form, processes of machining are usually by zizalla cut and folded, these elements, due to the machining present efforts along the same concentrations, since they change their crystalline structure tending to be more hard in these areas but at the same time more fragile, so it is recommended the adoption of techniques of calculus punctual, with safety factors associated with this uncertainty in the distribution of loadscan be found in the form of channels C, G, angles, etc. have their most important application the what is called metal or ornamental woodwork without any inconvenience and are usually more economical than those because their manufacture is local while the first in their overwhelming majority are imported and their weight increases the freight.